Teenage obesity is becoming a common problem and is fast spreading among teens. According to research studies, during the past three decades the prevalence of obesity in teenagers has tripled. Nearly 18% of the population aged between 12 to 19 years is obese.
Teenage obesity occurs when a person consumes more calories than the body burns up. Heredity is a major factor that contributes to obesity in teens. If the parent of a teenager is obese, there is a 50% chance of the teenager being obese. If both mother and father of the teenager are obese, the teenager has 80% chance of being obese.
Obesity is not limited to heredity alone. The major cause of teenage obesity is due to unlimited snacking on chips, candy, fast food and other junk foods. Overeating and lack of physical activity are the other causes of obesity in teenagers. The sedentary society has led to majority of teenagers spending more time watching television, playing video games and sitting in front of computers. This results in lack of physical activity thereby leading to teenage obesity.
Teenage Obesity – Risk factors
Teenage obesity greatly influences the physical and psychological health of teens and puts them at major risks. Teenagers are at a risk of developing heart diseases, strokes, diabetes and other health disorders when they turn into adults. Research studies reveal that approximately 25% of teenagers who are obese are prone to health problems as adults. Adolescents who are obese are at greater risk of developing heart diseases and other health disorders. The other risks associated with teenage obesity include
- High blood pressure – Majority of foods consumed by teenagers these days contains sodium, which when taken in excess affects blood pressure. Excess sodium leads to health problems like heart and kidney failure.
- High cholesterol – Fried foods and foods that contain saturated and trans fats lead to a sharp rise in blood cholesterol levels of teens. High cholesterol in teens results in major problems like impairment of heart function and causes damage to arteries.
- Diabetes is a major health problem found in majority of teens these days. Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent among teens who consumed junk foods.
- Psychological Issues – Obesity in teenagers give rise to low self esteem and depression. Social ridicule, discrimination and loneliness makes young teenagers depressed, posing a danger to their mental health as well.
The best teenage weight loss tips include adding lots of physical activity to your routine and adopting a healthy balanced diet. Teenagers must actively get involved in exercises and sports such as basketball, tennis and volley ball. These will help teenagers lose weight and stay fit. Besides, teenagers can opt for activities like dance, gymnastics and karate. Parents must provide all possible encouragement to teenagers and guide them in losing weight.